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SDG Target 5.a

SDG Target 5.a

Undertake reforms to give women equal rights to economic resources, as well as access to ownership and control over land and other forms of property, financial services, inheritance and natural resources, in accordance with national laws

Mapping with Kunming-Montreal Global Biodiversity Framework

TARGET 22. Ensure Participation in Decision-Making and Access to Justice and Information Related to Biodiversity for all

Ensure the full, equitable, inclusive, effective and gender-responsive representation and participation in decision-making, and access to justice and information related to biodiversity by indigenous peoples and local communities, respecting their cultures and their rights over lands, territories, resources, and traditional knowledge, as well as by women and girls, children and youth, and persons with disabilities and ensure the full protection of environmental human rights defenders.


Headline indicator:

  • -

Component indicator:

  • Proportion of total adult population with secure tenure rights to land, (a) with legally recognized documentation, and (b) who perceive their rights to land as secure, by sex and type of tenure

Complementary indicators:

  • Percentage of positions in national and local institutions, including: (a) the legislatures; (b) the public service; and (c) the judiciary, compared to national distributions, by sex, age, persons with disabilities and population groups
  • Number of countries with systems to track and make public allocations for gender equality and women’s empowerment
  • Proportion of total agricultural population with ownership or secure tenure rights over agricultural land, by sex; and share of women among owners or rights-bearers of agricultural land, by type of tenure
  • Number of countries where the legal framework (including customary law) guarantees women’s equal rights to land ownership and/or control
  • Number of protected areas that have completed a sitelevel assessment of governance and equity (SAGE)
  • Trends in number of environmental human rights defenders killed annually, disaggregated by country and gender; and number of indigenous environmental human rights defenders killed
  • Land tenure of indigenous peoples and local communities by sex and type of tenure
  • Proportion of population who believe decision-making is inclusive and responsive, by sex, age, disability and population group

Mapping with The UNCCD 2018–2030 Strategic Framework

Strategic objective 2: Affected populations

To improve the living conditions of affected populations


UNCCD indicators:

  • SO 2-1 Trends in population living below the relative poverty line and/or income inequality in affected areas
  • SO 2-2 Trends in access to safe drinking water in affected areas
  • SO 2-3 Proportion of the population exposed to land degradation, disaggregated by sex 

SDG indicators:

  • 1.1.1 Proportion of the population living below the international poverty line by sex, age, employment status and geographic location (urban/rural)
  • 6.1.1 Proportion of population using safely managed drinking water services

CBD indicators:

  • Proportion of population using safely managed drinking water services (Complementary indicator under target 11)

Mapping with 4th Ramsar Strategic Plan 2016-2024

Ramsar Target 10

The traditional knowledge, innovations and practices of indigenous peoples and local communities relevant for the wise use of wetlands and their customary use of wetland resources are documented, respected, subject to national legislation and relevant international obligations, and fully integrated and reflected in the implementation of the Convention, with a full and effective participation of indigenous peoples and local communities at all relevant levels.




Possible further indicators that may be developed

  • {Possible use or further development of indicator(s) linked to work currently being undertaken to develop indicator(s) for related Aichi Target 18 of the Strategic Plan for Biodiversity}.