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TARGET 20. Strengthen Capacity-Building, Technology Transfer, and Scientific and Technical Cooperation for Biodiversity

TARGET 20. Strengthen Capacity-Building, Technology Transfer, and Scientific and Technical Cooperation for Biodiversity

Strengthen capacity-building and development, access to and transfer of technology, and promote development of and access to innovation and technical and scientific cooperation, including through South-South, North-South and triangular cooperation, to meet the needs for effective implementation, particularly in developing countries, fostering joint technology development and joint scientific research programmes for the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity and strengthening scientific research and monitoring capacities, commensurate with the ambition of the goals and targets of the framework.

Indicators

Headline indicator:

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Component indicator:

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Complementary indicator:

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Mapping with The UNCCD 2018–2030 Strategic Framework

Strategic objective 5: Resources & partnerships

To mobilize substantial and additional financial and non-financial resources to support the implementation of the Convention by building effective partnerships at global and national level

Indicators

UNCCD indicators:

  • SO 5-1 Bilateral and multilateral public resources
  • SO 5-2 Domestic public resources
  • SO 5-3 International and domestic private resources
  • SO 5-4 Technology transfer
  • SO 5-5 Future support for activities related to the implementation of the Convention

SDG indicators:

  • 17.1.1 Total government revenue as a proportion of GDP, by source; 
  • 17.1.2 Proportion of domestic budget funded by domestic taxes
  • 17.2.1 Net official development assistance, total and to least developed countries, as a proportion of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) Development Assistance Committee donors’ gross national income (GNI).
  • 17.3.1 Additional financial resources mobilized for developing countries from multiple sources
  • 17.7.1 Total amount of funding for developing countries to promote the development, transfer, dissemination and diffusion of environmentally sound technologies

CBD indicators:

  • D.1 International public funding, including official development assistance (ODA) for conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity and ecosystems
  • D.2 Domestic public funding on conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity and ecosystems
  • D.3 Private funding (domestic and international) on conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity and ecosystems
  • 3.1 Coverage of protected areas and other effective area-based conservation measures
  • Protected area coverage of Key Biodiversity Areas (Component indicator under target 3)
  • Proportion of terrestrial, freshwater and marine ecological regions that are conserved by protected areas or other effective area-based conservation measures (Complementary indicator under target 3 and 5)

Mapping with Sustainable Development Goals

SDG Target 17.6

Enhance North-South, South-South and triangular regional and international cooperation on and access to science, technology and innovation and enhance knowledge sharing on mutually agreed terms, including through improved coordination among existing mechanisms, in particular at the United Nations level, and through a global technology facilitation mechanism

SDG Target 17.7

Promote the development, transfer, dissemination and diffusion of environmentally sound technologies to developing countries on favourable terms, including on concessional and preferential terms, as mutually agreed

SDG Target 17.9

Enhance international support for implementing effective and targeted capacity-building in developing countries to support national plans to implement all the Sustainable Development Goals, including through North-South, South-South and triangular cooperation

SDG Target 17.16

Enhance the Global Partnership for Sustainable Development, complemented by multi-stakeholder partnerships that mobilize and share knowledge, expertise, technology and financial resources, to support the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals in all countries, in particular developing countries

SDG Target 17.18

By 2020, enhance capacity-building support to developing countries, including for least developed countries and small island developing States, to increase significantly the availability of high-quality, timely and reliable data disaggregated by income, gender, age, race, ethnicity, migratory status, disability, geographic location and other characteristics relevant in national contexts

Mapping with SAMARKAND STRATEGIC PLAN FOR MIGRATORY SPECIES 2024-2032

Target 4.2. By 2029, Parties have the technical capacity needed to effectively implement the Convention, its Resolutions and Decisions.

Explanation: Parties identify, with the support of the Secretariat and the Scientific Council, the capacity-building activities needed to ensure implementation of the CMS, its Resolutions and Decisions and associated guidance. This can include Party-to-Party support or CMS Secretariat-led support, if possible, and should focus on the use of innovative and cost-effective methods that can be applied globally.

Mapping with 4th Ramsar Strategic Plan 2016-2024

Ramsar Target 14

Scientific guidance and technical methodologies at global and regional levels are developed on relevant topics and are available to policy makers and practitioners in an appropriate format and language.

Baseline
  • In 2015, [543] ‘hits’ on scientific and technical guidance pages of the Ramsar web-site. (Data source: Google Analytics Ramsar web-site, May-June, 2015).
  • In 2015, [60] ‘hits’ on STRP briefing notes from the Ramsar web-site. (Data source: Google Analytics Ramsar web-site, May-June, 2015)).
  • In 2015, [176] ‘hits’ of relevant Ramsar Handbooks downloaded from the Ramsar web-site (Data source: Google Analytics Ramsar web-site, May-June, 2015).
  • In 2015, [150} practical tools and guidance documents for wetland conservation and wise use, and other key scientific documentation, which has been developed by either STRP, Parties and others, and is available via the Ramsar website. (Data source: Ramsar web-site).
Indicator
  • Number of ‘hits’ on scientific and technical guidance pages of the Ramsar web-site and associated subtotals by country and Ramsar Region of the source of these hits. (Data source: Ramsar web-site analytics).
  • Number of STRP briefing papers downloaded from the Ramsar website and subtotals by country and Ramsar Region of the source of these downloads. (Data source: Ramsar web-site analytics).
  • Number of relevant Ramsar Handbooks downloaded from the Ramsar web-site and subtotals by country and Ramsar Region of the source of these downloads. (Data source: Ramsar web-site analytics).
  • Number of practical tools and guidance documents for wetland conservation and wise use, and other key scientific documentation, which has been developed by either STRP, Parties and others, and is available via the Ramsar website. (Data source: Ramsar web-site).

Possible further indicators that may be developed

  • {Indicator(s) related to the use of guidance and availability in various language versions}.
Ramsar Target 19

Capacity building for implementation of the Convention and the 4th Ramsar Strategic Plan 2016 – 2024 is enhanced.

Baseline
  • 20% of Parties have made and assessment of national and local training needs for the implementation of the Convention. (National Reports to COP12).
Indicator
  • % of Parties that have made an assessment of national and local training needs for the implementation of the Convention. (National Reports to COP12).

Mapping with CITES Strategic Vision: 2021-2030

Objective 2.1 Parties’ non-detriment findings are based on best available scientific information

 Objective 2.1 Parties’ non-detriment findings are based on best available scientific information and their determination of legal acquisition is based on the best available technical and legal information.

Indicator
  • Indicator 2.1.1: Number of Parties that have adopted standard procedures for making non-detriment findings (NDFs).
  • Indicator 2.1.2: Number of written NDFs submitted and number of Parties submitting NDFs for posting in the CITES online database.
  • Indicator 2.1.3: Number of Parties that have included the legal acquisition finding obligation in their national regulatory framework, as recommended by Resolution Conf. 18.7 (Rev. CoP19).
Objective 2.2 Parties cooperate in sharing information

Objective 2.2 Parties cooperate in sharing information and tools relevant to the implementation of CITES. 

 

Indicator
  • Indicator 2.2.1: Number of surveys, studies or other analyses undertaken by exporting countries based on the sources of information cited in Resolution Conf. 16.7 (Rev. CoP17) on Non-detriment findings related to: - the population status of Appendix-II species; - the trends and impact of trade upon Appendix-II species; and - the status of and trend in naturally-occurring Appendix I species and the impact of any recovery plans.
  • Indicator 2.2.2: Number and proportion of annual export quotas based on population surveys.
  • Indicator 2.2.3: Number of workshops and other capacity-building activities that bring range States together to address the conservation and management needs of shared CITES listed species.
  • Indicator 2.2.4: Number of reports shared by the Parties in compliance with the Resolutions of the Convention.
  • Indicator 2.2.5: Number of Parties sharing information relevant to the implementation of CITES (e.g. shared databases, data visualization/software, information-sharing focused tools, etc.).
  • Indicator 2.2.6: Number of CoP side-events where Parties present information and tools relevant to the implementation of CITES
Objective 5.1 Parties and the Secretariat support and enhance existing cooperative partnerships

Objective 5.1 Parties and the Secretariat support and enhance existing cooperative partnerships in order to achieve their identified objectives. 

Indicator
  • Indicator 5.1.1: Number of Parties which report that they have achieved synergies in their implementation of CITES, other biodiversity-related conventions and other relevant multilateral environmental, trade and development agreements.
  • Indicator 5.1.2: Number of Parties cooperating / collaborating with intergovernmental and non-governmental organizations to participate in and/or fund CITES workshops and other training and capacity-building activities.
  • Indicator 5.1.3: Number of cooperative actions taken under established bilateral or multilateral agreements to prevent species from being unsustainably exploited through international trade.
  • Indicator 5.1.4: Number of times other relevant international organizations and agreements dealing with natural resources are consulted on issues relevant to species subject to unsustainable trade.
  • Indicator 5.1.5: Number of implemented cooperation agreements between the Secretariat and Multilateral Environmental Agreements (MEAS), including the Biodiversity Liaison Group (BLG) and other biodiversity-related Conventions.
Objective 5.2 Parties encourage the formation of new, innovative and mutually sustainable alliances between CITES and relevant international partners

Objective 5.2 Parties encourage the formation of new, innovative and mutually sustainable alliances between CITES and relevant international partners, where appropriate to advance CITES’ objective and mainstream conservation and of sustainable use of biodiversity.

Indicator
  • Indicator 5.2.1: Number of alliances between CITES and relevant international partners to advance CITES objective and mainstream conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity.

Mapping with CBD - Aichi Targets

Aichi Target 19

By 2020, knowledge, the science base and technologies relating to biodiversity, its values, functioning, status and trends, and the consequences of its loss, are improved, widely shared and transferred, and applied.

Mapping with Strategic Framework for the International Plant Protection Convention (IPPC) 2020–2030

Key result A5: All NPPOs have pest risk analysis capacity in place

A5: All NPPOs have pest risk analysis capacity in place to identify and mitigate pest risks to crop production.

Key result B5: Contracting parties continue to improve their capacity to implement key IPPC standards

B5: Contracting parties continue to improve their capacity to implement key IPPC standards which directly address the spread of forest and environmental pests, such as ISPM 15 on wood packaging materials and other such standards, to contain the global spread of pests which threaten forests, biodiversity and non-cultivated flora.

ICD: Implementation and capacity development

The IPPC is typically referred to as a standard setting body. However, the IPPC has long recognized the futility of setting standards without also supporting capacity development to enable the IPPC and its standards to be effectively implemented by contracting parties.

Within each contracting party, fully functioning NPPOs are charged with operating an effective national system to prevent the introduction and spread of pests. Delivery of the system often requires the joint effort of multiple government agencies and the private sector. The phytosanitary capacity evaluation tool was developed by the Commission many years ago to help countries evaluate their capacity to implement the IPPC. This forms the basis for many capacity development plans, and also provides an insight into global capacity needs and programmes.

 

2030 key result areas:

ICD 1: The state of plant health in the world is understood, needs are known and mechanisms to facilitate action are functioning.

ICD 2: The phytosanitary capacity evaluation tool has been widely used by contracting parties to understand their strengths and weaknesses and develop plans to address capacity deficiencies.

ICD 3: The IPPC Secretariat is resourced to help contracting parties access assistance to address phytosanitary capacity needs.