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9. Supporting plant breeding, genetic enhancement and base-broadening efforts

Mapping with Kunming-Montreal Global Biodiversity Framework

TARGET 4. Halt Species Extinction, Protect Genetic Diversity, and Manage Human-Wildlife Conflicts

Ensure urgent management actions, to halt human induced extinction of known threatened species and for the recovery and conservation of species, in particular threatened species, to significantly reduce extinction risk, as well as to maintain and restore the genetic diversity within and between populations of native, wild and domesticated species to maintain their adaptive potential, including through in situ and ex situ conservation and sustainable management practices, and effectively manage human-wildlife interactions to minimize human-wildlife conflict for coexistence.

Indicators:

Headline indicators:

  • A.3 Red list Index
  • A.4 The proportion of populations within species with an effective population size > 500

Component indicators:

  • Living Planet Index
  • Number of plant and animal genetic resources secured in medium or long-term conservation facilities
  • Trends in effective and sustainable management of human-wildlife conflict and coexistence
  • Green Status of Species Index
  • Conservation status of species listed in the CITES Appendices has stabilized or improved

Complementary indicators:

  • Species threat abatement and restoration metric
  • Changing status of evolutionary distinct and globally endangered species (EDGE Index)
  • Percentage of threatened species that are improving in status
  • Number of CMS daughter agreements
  • Proportion of local breeds classified as being at risk of extinction
  • Red List Index (wild relatives of domesticated animals)
  • Rate of invasive alien species establishment
TARGET 10. Enhance Biodiversity and Sustainability in Agriculture, Aquaculture, Fisheries, and Forestry

Ensure that areas under agriculture, aquaculture, fisheries and forestry are managed sustainably, in particular through the sustainable use of biodiversity, including through a substantial increase of the application of biodiversity friendly practices, such as sustainable intensification, agroecological and other innovative approaches contributing to the resilience and long-term efficiency and productivity of these production systems and to food security, conserving and restoring biodiversity and maintaining nature’s contributions to people, including ecosystem functions and services.

Indicators

Headline indicators:

  • 10.1 Proportion of agricultural area under productive and sustainable agriculture
  • 10.2 Progress towards sustainable forest management

Component indicators:

  • Area of forest under sustainable management: total forest management certification by the Forest Stewardship Council and the Programme for the Endorsement of Forest Certification
  • Average income of small-scale food producers, by sex and indigenous status

Complementary indicators:

  • Agrobiodiversity Index
  • Changes in soil organic carbon stocks
  • Red List Index (wild relatives of domesticated animals)
  • Red List Index (pollinating species)
  • Proportion of local breeds classified as being at risk of extinction
  • Proportion of land that is degraded over total land area
TARGET 13. Increase the Sharing of Benefits From Genetic Resources, Digital Sequence Information and Traditional Knowledge

Take effective legal, policy, administrative and capacity-building measures at all levels, as appropriate, to ensure the fair and equitable sharing of benefits that arise from the utilization of genetic resources and from digital sequence information on genetic resources, as well as traditional knowledge associated with genetic resources, and facilitating appropriate access to genetic resources, and by 2030 facilitating a significant increase of the benefits shared, in accordance with applicable international access and benefit-sharing instruments.

Indicators

Headline indicators:

  • C.1 Indicator on monetary benefits received
  • C.2 Indicator on non-monetary benefits

Component indicator:

  • Number of permits or their equivalents for genetic resources (including those related to traditional knowledge) by type of permit

Complementary indicators:

  • Total number of transfers of crop material from the Multilateral System of the International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture (ITPGRFA) received in a country
  • Total number of permits, or their equivalent, granted for access to genetic resources
  • Total number of internationally recognized certificates of compliance published in the ABS Clearing-House
  • Number of countries that require prior informed consent that have published legislative, administrative or policy measures on access and benefit-sharing in the ABS Clearing-House
  • Number of countries that require prior informed consent that have published information on access and benefit-sharing procedures in the ABS Clearing-House
  • Number of countries that have adopted legislative, administrative and policy frameworks to ensure fair and equitable sharing of benefits
  • Estimated percentage of monetary and non-monetary benefits directed towards conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity