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Strategic objective 5: Resources & partnerships

Strategic objective 5: Resources & partnerships

To mobilize substantial and additional financial and non-financial resources to support the implementation of the Convention by building effective partnerships at global and national level

Indicators

UNCCD indicators:

  • SO 5-1 Bilateral and multilateral public resources
  • SO 5-2 Domestic public resources
  • SO 5-3 International and domestic private resources
  • SO 5-4 Technology transfer
  • SO 5-5 Future support for activities related to the implementation of the Convention

SDG indicators:

  • 17.1.1 Total government revenue as a proportion of GDP, by source; 
  • 17.1.2 Proportion of domestic budget funded by domestic taxes
  • 17.2.1 Net official development assistance, total and to least developed countries, as a proportion of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) Development Assistance Committee donors’ gross national income (GNI).
  • 17.3.1 Additional financial resources mobilized for developing countries from multiple sources
  • 17.7.1 Total amount of funding for developing countries to promote the development, transfer, dissemination and diffusion of environmentally sound technologies

CBD indicators:

  • D.1 International public funding, including official development assistance (ODA) for conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity and ecosystems
  • D.2 Domestic public funding on conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity and ecosystems
  • D.3 Private funding (domestic and international) on conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity and ecosystems
  • 3.1 Coverage of protected areas and other effective area-based conservation measures
  • Protected area coverage of Key Biodiversity Areas (Component indicator under target 3)
  • Proportion of terrestrial, freshwater and marine ecological regions that are conserved by protected areas or other effective area-based conservation measures (Complementary indicator under target 3 and 5)

Mapping with Kunming-Montreal Global Biodiversity Framework

TARGET 19. Mobilize $200 Billion per Year for Biodiversity From all Sources, Including $30 Billion Through International Finance

Substantially and progressively increase the level of financial resources from all sources, in an effective, timely and easily accessible manner, including domestic, international, public and private resources, in accordance with Article 20 of the Convention, to implement national biodiversity strategies and action plans, by 2030 mobilizing at least 200 billion United States dollars per year, including by:

(a) Increasing total biodiversity related international financial resources from developed countries, including official development assistance, and from countries that voluntarily assume obligations of developed country Parties, to developing countries, in particular the least developed countries and small island developing States, as well as countries with economies in transition, to at least US$ 20 billion per year by 2025, and to at least US$ 30 billion per year by 2030;

(b) Significantly increasing domestic resource mobilization, facilitated by the preparation and implementation of national biodiversity finance plans or similar instruments according to national needs, priorities and circumstances;

(c) Leveraging private finance, promoting blended finance, implementing strategies for raising new and additional resources, and encouraging the private sector to invest in biodiversity, including through impact funds and other instruments;

(d) Stimulating innovative schemes such as payment for ecosystem services, green bonds, biodiversity offsets and credits, benefit-sharing mechanisms, with environmental and social safeguards;

(e) Optimizing co-benefits and synergies of finance targeting the biodiversity and climate crises;

(f) Enhancing the role of collective actions, including by indigenous peoples and local communities, Mother Earth centric actions* and non-market-based approaches including community based natural resource management and civil society cooperation and solidarity aimed at the conservation of biodiversity;

(g) Enhancing the effectiveness, efficiency and transparency of resource provision and use.

* Mother Earth Centric Actions: Ecocentric and rights based approach enabling the implementation of actions towards harmonic and complementary relationships between peoples and nature, promoting the continuity of all living beings and their communities and ensuring the non-commodification of environmental functions of Mother Earth.

Indicators

Headline indicators:

  • D.1 International public funding, including official development assistance (ODA) for conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity and ecosystems
  • D.2 Domestic public funding on conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity and ecosystems
  • D.3 Private funding (domestic and international) on conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity and ecosystems*

Component indicator:

  • -

Complementary indicators:

  • Foreign direct investment, official development assistance and South-South cooperation
  • Amount and composition of biodiversity-related finance reported to the OECD Creditor reporting system
  • Dollar value of financial and technical assistance (including through North-South, South-South and triangular cooperation) committed to developing countries
  • Dollar value of all resources made available to strengthen statistical capacity in developing countries
  • Amount of biodiversity-related philanthropic funding
  • Proportion of total research budget allocated to research in the field of marine technology
  • Total amount of approved funding for developing countries to promote the development, transfer, dissemination and diffusion of environmentally sound technologies
  • Number of countries (and number of instruments) with payments for ecosystem services (PES) programmes
  • Number of countries that have (a) assessed values of biodiversity in accordance with the Convention, (b) identified and reported funding needs, gaps and priorities, (c) developed national financial plans for biodiversity, (d) been provided with the necessary funding and capacity-building to undertake the above activities
TARGET 20. Strengthen Capacity-Building, Technology Transfer, and Scientific and Technical Cooperation for Biodiversity

Strengthen capacity-building and development, access to and transfer of technology, and promote development of and access to innovation and technical and scientific cooperation, including through South-South, North-South and triangular cooperation, to meet the needs for effective implementation, particularly in developing countries, fostering joint technology development and joint scientific research programmes for the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity and strengthening scientific research and monitoring capacities, commensurate with the ambition of the goals and targets of the framework.

Indicators

Headline indicator:

  • -

Component indicator:

  • -

Complementary indicator:

  • -

Mapping with Sustainable Development Goals

SDG Target 17.1

Strengthen domestic resource mobilization, including through international support to developing countries, to improve domestic capacity for tax and other revenue collection

SDG Target 17.2

Developed countries to implement fully their official development assistance commitments, including the commitment by many developed countries to achieve the target of 0.7 per cent of gross national income for official development assistance (ODA/GNI) to developing countries and 0.15 to 0.20 per cent of ODA/GNI to least developed countries; ODA providers are encouraged to consider setting a target to provide at least 0.20 per cent of ODA/GNI to least developed countries

SDG Target 17.6

Enhance North-South, South-South and triangular regional and international cooperation on and access to science, technology and innovation and enhance knowledge sharing on mutually agreed terms, including through improved coordination among existing mechanisms, in particular at the United Nations level, and through a global technology facilitation mechanism

SDG Target 17.7

Promote the development, transfer, dissemination and diffusion of environmentally sound technologies to developing countries on favourable terms, including on concessional and preferential terms, as mutually agreed

SDG Target 17.9

Enhance international support for implementing effective and targeted capacity-building in developing countries to support national plans to implement all the Sustainable Development Goals, including through North-South, South-South and triangular cooperation