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Ramsar Target 11

Ramsar Target 11

Wetland functions, services and benefits are widely demonstrated, documented and disseminated.

  • 19% of Parties have made assessment of ecosystem services of Ramsar sites. (National Reports to COP12).
  • 39% of Parties have incorporated wetlands issues into poverty eradication strategies. (National Reports to COP12).
  • 42% of Parties have implemented programmes or projects that contribute to poverty alleviation objectives or food and water security plans. (National Reports to COP12).
  • % of Parties that have made assessment of ecosystem services of Ramsar Sites. (Data source: National Reports).
  • % of Parties that have incorporated wetlands issues into poverty eradication strategies. (Data source: National Reports).
  • % of Parties that have implemented programmes or projects that contribute to poverty alleviation objectives or food and water security plans. (Data source: National Reports).

Mapping with Kunming-Montreal Global Biodiversity Framework

TARGET 11. Restore, Maintain and Enhance Nature’s Contributions to People

Restore, maintain and enhance nature’s contributions to people, including ecosystem functions and services, such as regulation of air, water, and climate, soil health, pollination and reduction of disease risk, as well as protection from natural hazards and disasters, through nature-based solutions and/or ecosystem-based approaches for the benefit of all people and nature.


Headline indicator:

  • B.1 Services provided by ecosystems*

Component indicators:

  • Number of deaths, missing persons and directly affected persons, attributed to disasters per 100,000 population
  • Mortality rate attributed to unsafe water, unsafe sanitation and lack of hygiene (exposure to unsafe Water, Sanitation and Hygiene for All (WASH) services
  • Annual mean levels of fine particulate matter (e.g., PM2.5 and PM10) in cities
  • Proportion of bodies of water with good ambient water quality
  • Level of water stress

Complementary indicators:

  • Air emission accounts
  • Proportion of local administrative units with established and operational policies and procedures for participation of local communities in water and sanitation management
  • Proportion of population using safely managed drinking water services
  • Mortality rate attributed to household and ambient air pollution (SDG indicator 3.9.1)
TARGET 12. Enhance Green Spaces and Urban Planning for Human Well-Being and Biodiversity

Significantly increase the area and quality and connectivity of, access to, and benefits from green and blue spaces in urban and densely populated areas sustainably, by mainstreaming the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity, and ensure biodiversity-inclusive urban planning, enhancing native biodiversity, ecological connectivity and integrity, and improving human health and well-being and connection to nature and contributing to inclusive and sustainable urbanization and the provision of ecosystem functions and services.


Headline indicator:

  • 12.1 Average share of the built-up area of cities that is green/blue space for public use for all

Component indicator:

  • Recreation and cultural ecosystem services provided

Complementary indicator:

  • -
TARGET 13. Increase the Sharing of Benefits From Genetic Resources, Digital Sequence Information and Traditional Knowledge

Take effective legal, policy, administrative and capacity-building measures at all levels, as appropriate, to ensure the fair and equitable sharing of benefits that arise from the utilization of genetic resources and from digital sequence information on genetic resources, as well as traditional knowledge associated with genetic resources, and facilitating appropriate access to genetic resources, and by 2030 facilitating a significant increase of the benefits shared, in accordance with applicable international access and benefit-sharing instruments.


Headline indicators:

  • C.1 Indicator on monetary benefits received
  • C.2 Indicator on non-monetary benefits

Component indicator:

  • Number of permits or their equivalents for genetic resources (including those related to traditional knowledge) by type of permit

Complementary indicators:

  • Total number of transfers of crop material from the Multilateral System of the International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture (ITPGRFA) received in a country
  • Total number of permits, or their equivalent, granted for access to genetic resources
  • Total number of internationally recognized certificates of compliance published in the ABS Clearing-House
  • Number of countries that require prior informed consent that have published legislative, administrative or policy measures on access and benefit-sharing in the ABS Clearing-House
  • Number of countries that require prior informed consent that have published information on access and benefit-sharing procedures in the ABS Clearing-House
  • Number of countries that have adopted legislative, administrative and policy frameworks to ensure fair and equitable sharing of benefits
  • Estimated percentage of monetary and non-monetary benefits directed towards conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity

Mapping with Sustainable Development Goals

SDG Target 1.5

By 2030, build the resilience of the poor and those in vulnerable situations and reduce their exposure and vulnerability to climate-related extreme events and other economic, social and environmental shocks and disasters

SDG Target 14.7

By 2030, increase the economic benefits to small island developing States and least developed countries from the sustainable use of marine resources, including through sustainable management of fisheries, aquaculture and tourism

SDG Target 15.9

By 2020, integrate ecosystem and biodiversity values into national and local planning, development processes, poverty reduction strategies and accounts

Mapping with CBD - Aichi Targets

Aichi Target 1

By 2020, at the latest, people are aware of the values of biodiversity and the steps they can take to conserve and use it sustainably.

Aichi Target 2

By 2020, at the latest, biodiversity values have been integrated into national and local development and poverty reduction strategies and planning processes and are being incorporated into national accounting, as appropriate, and reporting systems.

Aichi Target 13

By 2020, the genetic diversity of cultivated plants and farmed and domesticated animals and of wild relatives, including other socio-economically as well as culturally valuable species, is maintained, and strategies have been developed and implemented for minimizing genetic erosion and safeguarding their genetic diversity.

Aichi Target 14

By 2020, ecosystems that provide essential services, including services related to water, and contribute to health, livelihoods and well-being, are restored and safeguarded, taking into account the needs of women, indigenous and local communities, and the poor and vulnerable.