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TARGET 11. Restore, Maintain and Enhance Nature’s Contributions to People

TARGET 11. Restore, Maintain and Enhance Nature’s Contributions to People

Restore, maintain and enhance nature’s contributions to people, including ecosystem functions and services, such as regulation of air, water, and climate, soil health, pollination and reduction of disease risk, as well as protection from natural hazards and disasters, through nature-based solutions and/or ecosystem-based approaches for the benefit of all people and nature.

Headline indicator
  • B.1 Services provided by ecosystems*
Component indicator
  • Number of deaths, missing persons and directly affected persons, attributed to disasters per 100,000 population
  • Mortality rate attributed to unsafe water, unsafe sanitation and lack of hygiene (exposure to unsafe Water, Sanitation and Hygiene for All (WASH) services
  • Annual mean levels of fine particulate matter (e.g., PM2.5 and PM10) in cities
  • Proportion of bodies of water with good ambient water quality
  • Level of water stress
Complementary indicator
  • Air emission accounts
  • Proportion of local administrative units with established and operational policies and procedures for participation of local communities in water and sanitation management
  • Proportion of population using safely managed drinking water services
  • Mortality rate attributed to household and ambient air pollution (SDG indicator 3.9.1)

Mapping with Sustainable Development Goals

SDG Target 1.5

By 2030, build the resilience of the poor and those in vulnerable situations and reduce their exposure and vulnerability to climate-related extreme events and other economic, social and environmental shocks and disasters

SDG Target 15.4

By 2030, ensure the conservation of mountain ecosystems, including their biodiversity, in order to enhance their capacity to provide benefits that are essential for sustainable development

Mapping with 4th Ramsar Strategic Plan 2016-2024

Ramsar Target 11

Wetland functions, services and benefits are widely demonstrated, documented and disseminated.

Baseline
  • 19% of Parties have made assessment of ecosystem services of Ramsar sites. (National Reports to COP12).
  • 39% of Parties have incorporated wetlands issues into poverty eradication strategies. (National Reports to COP12).
  • 42% of Parties have implemented programmes or projects that contribute to poverty alleviation objectives or food and water security plans. (National Reports to COP12).
Indicator
  • % of Parties that have made assessment of ecosystem services of Ramsar Sites. (Data source: National Reports).
  • % of Parties that have incorporated wetlands issues into poverty eradication strategies. (Data source: National Reports).
  • % of Parties that have implemented programmes or projects that contribute to poverty alleviation objectives or food and water security plans. (Data source: National Reports).
Ramsar Target 12

Restoration is in progress in degraded wetlands, with priority to wetlands that are relevant for biodiversity conservation, disaster risk reduction, livelihoods and/or climate change mitigation and adaptation.

Baseline
  • 68% of Parties have identified priority sites for restoration. (National Reports to COP12).
  • 70% of Parties have implemented restoration or rehabilitation programmes. (National Reports to COP12).
Indicator
  • % of Parties that have established restoration plans [or activities] for sites. (Data source: National Reports).
  • % of Parties that have implemented effective restoration or rehabilitation projects. (Data source: National Reports).

Possible further indicators that may be developed

  • {Outcome-based indicators(s) related to (extent of) wetland restoration possibly including remote sensing as appropriate}.

Mapping with CBD - Aichi Targets

Aichi Target 14

By 2020, ecosystems that provide essential services, including services related to water, and contribute to health, livelihoods and well-being, are restored and safeguarded, taking into account the needs of women, indigenous and local communities, and the poor and vulnerable.