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Ramsar Target 9

Ramsar Target 9

The wise use of wetlands is strengthened through integrated resource management at the appropriate scale, inter alia, within a river basin or along a coastal zone.

  • 55% of Parties have adopted wetland policies or equivalent instruments that promote the wise use of their wetlands. (National Reports to COP12).
  • 71% of Parties consider wetlands as natural water infrastructure integral to water resource management at the scale of river basin. (National Reports to COP12).
  • % of Parties that have adopted wetland policies or equivalent instruments that promote the wise use of their wetlands. (Data source: National Reports).
  • % of Parties that consider wetlands as natural water infrastructure integral to water resource management at the scale of river basin. (Data source: National Reports).

Possible further indicators that may be developed

  • {Involvement of stakeholders in various aspects of wetland and/or basin-scale management}

Mapping with Kunming-Montreal Global Biodiversity Framework

TARGET 1. Plan and Manage all Areas To Reduce Biodiversity Loss

Ensure that all areas are under participatory integrated biodiversity inclusive spatial planning and/or effective management processes addressing land and sea use change, to bring the loss of areas of high biodiversity importance, including ecosystems of high ecological integrity, close to zero by 2030, while respecting the rights of indigenous peoples and local communities.


Headline indicators:

  • A.1 Red List of Ecosystems
  • A.2 Extent of natural ecosystems
  • 1.1 Percent of land and sea area covered by biodiversity-inclusive spatial plans*

Component indicator:

  • Priority retention of intact / wilderness areas

 Complementary indicators:

  • Number of countries using natural capital accounts in planning processes
  • Percentage of spatial plans utilizing information on key biodiversity areas
  • Habitat patches located within marine protected areas or integrated coastal zone management (ICZM)
  • Other spatial management plans (not captured as ICZM or marine spatial planning)
  • Number of countries using ocean accounts in planning processes
  • Proportion of transboundary basin area with an operational arrangement for water cooperation
  • Percent of total land area that is under cultivation
  • Extent of natural ecosystems by type Number of countries implementing national legislation, policies or other measures regarding FPIC related to conservation
  • Ecosystem Integrity Index


TARGET 9. Manage Wild Species Sustainably To Benefit People

Ensure that the management and use of wild species are sustainable, thereby providing social, economic and environmental benefits for people, especially those in vulnerable situations and those most dependent on biodiversity, including through sustainable biodiversity-based activities, products and services that enhance biodiversity, and protecting and encouraging customary sustainable use by indigenous peoples and local communities.


Headline indicators:

  • 9.1 Benefits from the sustainable use of wild species
  • 9.2 Percentage of the population in traditional occupations

Component indicators:

  • Number of people using wild resources for energy, food or culture (including firewood collection, hunting and fishing, gathering, medicinal use, craft making, etc.)
  • Red List Index (species used for food and medicine)
  • Living Planet Index for used species

Complementary indicators:

  • Proportion of fish stocks within biologically sustainable levels
  • Degree of implementation of international instruments aiming to combat illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing
  • Number of MSC Chain of Custody Certification holders by distribution country
  • Spawning stock biomass (related to commercially exploited species)
  • Number of plant and animal genetic resources for food and agriculture secured in medium- or long-term conservation facilities
  • Volume of production per labour unit by classes of farming/pastoral/ forestry enterprise size
TARGET 10. Enhance Biodiversity and Sustainability in Agriculture, Aquaculture, Fisheries, and Forestry

Ensure that areas under agriculture, aquaculture, fisheries and forestry are managed sustainably, in particular through the sustainable use of biodiversity, including through a substantial increase of the application of biodiversity friendly practices, such as sustainable intensification, agroecological and other innovative approaches contributing to the resilience and long-term efficiency and productivity of these production systems and to food security, conserving and restoring biodiversity and maintaining nature’s contributions to people, including ecosystem functions and services.


Headline indicators:

  • 10.1 Proportion of agricultural area under productive and sustainable agriculture
  • 10.2 Progress towards sustainable forest management

Component indicators:

  • Area of forest under sustainable management: total forest management certification by the Forest Stewardship Council and the Programme for the Endorsement of Forest Certification
  • Average income of small-scale food producers, by sex and indigenous status

Complementary indicators:

  • Agrobiodiversity Index
  • Changes in soil organic carbon stocks
  • Red List Index (wild relatives of domesticated animals)
  • Red List Index (pollinating species)
  • Proportion of local breeds classified as being at risk of extinction
  • Proportion of land that is degraded over total land area
TARGET 15. Businesses Assess, Disclose and Reduce Biodiversity-Related Risks and Negative Impacts

Take legal, administrative or policy measures to encourage and enable business, and in particular to ensure that large and transnational companies and financial institutions:

(a) Regularly monitor, assess, and transparently disclose their risks, dependencies and impacts on biodiversity, including with requirements for all large as well as transnational companies and financial institutions along their operations, supply and value chains and portfolios;

(b) Provide information needed to consumers to promote sustainable consumption patterns;

(c) Report on compliance with access and benefit-sharing regulations and measures, as applicable;

in order to progressively reduce negative impacts on biodiversity, increase positive impacts, reduce biodiversity-related risks to business and financial institutions, and promote actions to ensure sustainable patterns of production.


Headline indicator:

  • 15.1 Number of companies reporting on disclosures of risks, dependencies and impacts on biodiversity*

Component indicator:

  • Indicator based on the Task Force for Nature-related Financial Disclosures

Complementary indicators:

  • Species threat abatement and restoration metric
  • Number of companies publishing sustainability reports

Mapping with Sustainable Development Goals

SDG Target 1.4

By 2030, ensure that all men and women, in particular the poor and the vulnerable, have equal rights to economic resources, as well as access to basic services, ownership and control over land and other forms of property, inheritance, natural resources, appropriate new technology and financial services, including microfinance

SDG Target 6.5

By 2030, implement integrated water resources management at all levels, including through transboundary cooperation as appropriate

SDG Target 8.4

Improve progressively, through 2030, global resource efficiency in consumption and production and endeavour to decouple economic growth from environmental degradation, in accordance with the 10‑Year Framework of Programmes on Sustainable Consumption and Production, with developed countries taking the lead

SDG Target 11.b

By 2020, substantially increase the number of cities and human settlements adopting and implementing integrated policies and plans towards inclusion, resource efficiency, mitigation and adaptation to climate change, resilience to disasters, and develop and implement, in line with the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015–2030, holistic disaster risk management at all levels

SDG Target 14.7

By 2030, increase the economic benefits to small island developing States and least developed countries from the sustainable use of marine resources, including through sustainable management of fisheries, aquaculture and tourism

SDG Target 14.c

Enhance the conservation and sustainable use of oceans and their resources by implementing international law as reflected in the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea, which provides the legal framework for the conservation and sustainable use of oceans and their resources, as recalled in paragraph 158 of “The future we want”

Mapping with CBD - Aichi Targets

Aichi Target 4

By 2020, at the latest, Governments, business and stakeholders at all levels have taken steps to achieve or have implemented plans for sustainable production and consumption and have kept the impacts of use of natural resources well within safe ecological limits.

Aichi Target 6

By 2020 all fish and invertebrate stocks and aquatic plants are managed and harvested sustainably, legally and applying ecosystem based approaches, so that overfishing is avoided, recovery plans and measures are in place for all depleted species, fisheries have no significant adverse impacts on threatened species and vulnerable ecosystems and the impacts of fisheries on stocks, species and ecosystems are within safe ecological limits.

Aichi Target 7

By 2020 areas under agriculture, aquaculture and forestry are managed sustainably, ensuring conservation of biodiversity.