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TARGET 1. Plan and Manage all Areas To Reduce Biodiversity Loss

TARGET 1. Plan and Manage all Areas To Reduce Biodiversity Loss

Ensure that all areas are under participatory integrated biodiversity inclusive spatial planning and/or effective management processes addressing land and sea use change, to bring the loss of areas of high biodiversity importance, including ecosystems of high ecological integrity, close to zero by 2030, while respecting the rights of indigenous peoples and local communities.

Indicators

Headline indicators:

  • A.1 Red List of Ecosystems
  • A.2 Extent of natural ecosystems
  • 1.1 Percent of land and sea area covered by biodiversity-inclusive spatial plans*

Component indicator:

  • Priority retention of intact / wilderness areas

 Complementary indicators:

  • Number of countries using natural capital accounts in planning processes
  • Percentage of spatial plans utilizing information on key biodiversity areas
  • Habitat patches located within marine protected areas or integrated coastal zone management (ICZM)
  • Other spatial management plans (not captured as ICZM or marine spatial planning)
  • Number of countries using ocean accounts in planning processes
  • Proportion of transboundary basin area with an operational arrangement for water cooperation
  • Percent of total land area that is under cultivation
  • Extent of natural ecosystems by type Number of countries implementing national legislation, policies or other measures regarding FPIC related to conservation
  • Ecosystem Integrity Index
 

 

Mapping with The UNCCD 2018–2030 Strategic Framework

Strategic objective 1: Affected ecosystems

To improve the condition of affected ecosystems, combat desertification/land degradation, promote sustainable land management and contribute to land degradation neutrality

Indicators

UNCCD indicators:

  • SO 1-1 Trends in land cover
  • SO 1-2 Trends in land productivity or functioning of the land
  • SO 1-3 Trends in carbon stocks above and below ground
  • SO 1-4 Proportion of land that is degraded over total land area

SDG indicators:

  • 15.3.1 Proportion of land that is degraded over total land area

CBD indicators:

  • A.2 Extent of natural ecosystems
  • 2.2 Area under restoration 
  • Extent of natural ecosystems by type (Component indicator under target 2)
  • Proportion of total land area that is under cultivation (Complementary indicator under target 1)
  • Above-ground biomass stock in forests (tonnes/ha)  (Complementary indicator under target 8)
  • Changes in soil organic carbon stocks (Complementary indicator under target 10)
  • Proportion of land that is degraded over total land area (Complementary indicator under target 10)

 

Mapping with Sustainable Development Goals

SDG Target 14.2

By 2020, sustainably manage and protect marine and coastal ecosystems to avoid significant adverse impacts, including by strengthening their resilience, and take action for their restoration in order to achieve healthy and productive oceans

SDG Target 15.1

By 2020, ensure the conservation, restoration and sustainable use of terrestrial and inland freshwater ecosystems and their services, in particular forests, wetlands, mountains and drylands, in line with obligations under international agreements

SDG Target 15.2

By 2020, promote the implementation of sustainable management of all types of forests, halt deforestation, restore degraded forests and substantially increase afforestation and reforestation globally

SDG Target 15.5

Take urgent and significant action to reduce the degradation of natural habitats, halt the loss of biodiversity and, by 2020, protect and prevent the extinction of threatened species

SDG Target 15.9

By 2020, integrate ecosystem and biodiversity values into national and local planning, development processes, poverty reduction strategies and accounts

Mapping with SAMARKAND STRATEGIC PLAN FOR MIGRATORY SPECIES 2024-2032

Target 2.1. By 2029, all important habitats for migratory species listed in CMS Appendices are identified, assessed and monitored to ensure their functionality and ability to support migratory species throughout their life cycles.

Explanation: Using best available science and information, actions are taken to ensure that all habitats, sites and ranges for migratory species are identified, assessed and monitored to understand their functions in migratory processes. 

Target 2.2. By 2032, all important habitats for migratory species listed in CMS Appendices are protected, effectively conserved, managed and restored through ecologically representative, well-connected and equitably governed systems of protected areas and other effective area-based conservation measures.

Explanation: Steps will be taken to establish ecologically representative, well-connected systems of protected areas and other effective area-based conservation measures, to ensure that, among others, the connectivity of all areas of importance for migratory species – as well as other areas that may be ecologically linked to them – is preserved. This could include permanent or temporal legal protection measures to ensure migratory ranges and their habitats are maintained, restored, effectively conserved and managed, and provide important biological functions such as opportunities for feeding, resting and habitat for reproduction.

Target 3.2. By 2032, the direct mortality of migratory species caused by human-made infrastructure is significantly reduced to levels that are not harmful to species’ viability.

Explanation: Steps are taken to eliminate and/or reduce the direct mortality of migratory species caused by infrastructure, including collision, electrocution, disturbance and migratory route deviation. This includes actions to sustainably design and operate such infrastructure and to monitor impacts while in operation. 

Target 5.4. By 2032, CMS provisions are included in relevant national planning processes and policies for the benefit of migratory species and the ecosystem services they provide.

Explanation: The Convention’s mandates, provisions and agenda are incorporated into national legislation frameworks and strategies relevant to migratory species (e.g., NBSAPs and NDCs). 

Mapping with 4th Ramsar Strategic Plan 2016-2024

Ramsar Target 8

National wetland inventories have been initiated, completed or updated and disseminated and used for promoting the conservation and effective management of all wetlands.

Baseline
  • At COP12, 47% of Parties have a complete national wetlands inventory. (National Reports to COP12).
  • At COP13, [XX]% of Parties % of Parties have updated their national inventories in the last decade. (New question for National Reports).
Indicator
  • % of Parties that have complete national wetland inventories. (Data source: National Reports).
  • % of Parties that have updated their national inventories in the last decade. (Data source: new question for National Reports).
Ramsar Target 9

The wise use of wetlands is strengthened through integrated resource management at the appropriate scale, inter alia, within a river basin or along a coastal zone.

Baseline
  • 55% of Parties have adopted wetland policies or equivalent instruments that promote the wise use of their wetlands. (National Reports to COP12).
  • 71% of Parties consider wetlands as natural water infrastructure integral to water resource management at the scale of river basin. (National Reports to COP12).
Indicator
  • % of Parties that have adopted wetland policies or equivalent instruments that promote the wise use of their wetlands. (Data source: National Reports).
  • % of Parties that consider wetlands as natural water infrastructure integral to water resource management at the scale of river basin. (Data source: National Reports).

Possible further indicators that may be developed

  • {Involvement of stakeholders in various aspects of wetland and/or basin-scale management}

Mapping with CBD - Aichi Targets

Aichi Target 5

By 2020, the rate of loss of all natural habitats, including forests, is at least halved and where feasible brought close to zero, and degradation and fragmentation is significantly reduced.