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Aichi Target 19

Aichi Target 19

By 2020, knowledge, the science base and technologies relating to biodiversity, its values, functioning, status and trends, and the consequences of its loss, are improved, widely shared and transferred, and applied.

Mapping with SPMS 2015-2023

CMS Target 15

The science base, information, training, awareness, understanding and technologies relating to migratory species, their habitats and migration systems, their value, functioning, status and trends, and the consequences of their loss, are improved, widely shared and transferred, and effectively applied.

Mapping with Kunming-Montreal Global Biodiversity Framework

TARGET 20. Strengthen Capacity-Building, Technology Transfer, and Scientific and Technical Cooperation for Biodiversity

Strengthen capacity-building and development, access to and transfer of technology, and promote development of and access to innovation and technical and scientific cooperation, including through South-South, North-South and triangular cooperation, to meet the needs for effective implementation, particularly in developing countries, fostering joint technology development and joint scientific research programmes for the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity and strengthening scientific research and monitoring capacities, commensurate with the ambition of the goals and targets of the framework.

Headline indicator
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Component indicator
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Complementary indicator
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TARGET 21. Ensure That Knowledge Is Available and Accessible To Guide Biodiversity Action

Ensure that the best available data, information and knowledge, are accessible to decision makers, practitioners and the public to guide effective and equitable governance, integrated and participatory management of biodiversity, and to strengthen communication, awareness-raising, education, monitoring, research and knowledge management and, also in this context, traditional knowledge, innovations, practices and technologies of indigenous peoples and local communities should only be accessed with their free, prior and informed consent, * in accordance with national legislation.

Free, prior and informed consent refers to the tripartite terminology of “prior and informed consent” or “free, prior and informed consent” or “approval and involvement.

Headline indicator
  • 21.1 Indicator on biodiversity information for the monitoring the Kunming-Montreal Global Biodiversity Framework
Component indicator
  • Species Status Index
  • Extent to which (a) global citizenship education and (b) education for sustainable development, including gender equality and human rights, are mainstreamed at all levels in: (i) national education policies, (ii) curricula, (iii) teacher education and (iv) student assessments
Complementary indicator
  • Growth in number of records and species in the Living Planet Index database
  • Growth in species occurrence records accessible through the Global Biodiversity Information Facility
  • Growth in marine species occurrence records accessible through the Ocean Biodiversity Information System (OBIS)
  • Proportion of known species assessed through The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species™
  • Number of assessments on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species™
  • World Association of Zoos and Aquariums (WAZA) bioliteracy survey (Biodiversity literacy in global zoo and aquarium visitors)
  • Species Status Information Index

Mapping with Sustainable Development Goals

SDG Target 1.4

By 2030, ensure that all men and women, in particular the poor and the vulnerable, have equal rights to economic resources, as well as access to basic services, ownership and control over land and other forms of property, inheritance, natural resources, appropriate new technology and financial services, including microfinance

SDG Goal 4

Ensure inclusive and equitable quality education and promote lifelong learning opportunities for all

SDG Target 4.7

By 2030, ensure that all learners acquire the knowledge and skills needed to promote sustainable development, including, among others, through education for sustainable development and sustainable lifestyles, human rights, gender equality, promotion of a culture of peace and non-violence, global citizenship and appreciation of cultural diversity and of culture’s contribution to sustainable development

SDG Goal 7

Ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy for all

SDG Target 7.1

By 2030, ensure universal access to affordable, reliable and modern energy services

SDG Target 7.2

By 2030, increase substantially the share of renewable energy in the global energy mix

SDG Goal 9

Build resilient infrastructure, promote inclusive and sustainable industrialization and foster innovation

SDG Target 9.4

By 2030, upgrade infrastructure and retrofit industries to make them sustainable, with increased resource-use efficiency and greater adoption of clean and environmentally sound technologies and industrial processes, with all countries taking action in accordance with their respective capabilities

SDG Goal 12

Ensure sustainable consumption and production patterns

SDG Target 12.2

By 2030, achieve the sustainable management and efficient use of natural resources

SDG Target 12.8

By 2030, ensure that people everywhere have the relevant information and awareness for sustainable development and lifestyles in harmony with nature

SDG Goal 14

Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources for sustainable development

SDG Target 14.3

Minimize and address the impacts of ocean acidification, including through enhanced scientific cooperation at all levels

SDG Target 14.4

By 2020, effectively regulate harvesting and end overfishing, illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing and destructive fishing practices and implement science-based management plans, in order to restore fish stocks in the shortest time feasible, at least to levels that can produce maximum sustainable yield as determined by their biological characteristics

SDG Target 14.a

Increase scientific knowledge, develop research capacity and transfer marine technology, taking into account the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission Criteria and Guidelines on the Transfer of Marine Technology, in order to improve ocean health and to enhance the contribution of marine biodiversity to the development of developing countries, in particular small island developing States and least developed countries

SDG Target 15.5

Take urgent and significant action to reduce the degradation of natural habitats, halt the loss of biodiversity and, by 2020, protect and prevent the extinction of threatened species

SDG Target 15.9

By 2020, integrate ecosystem and biodiversity values into national and local planning, development processes, poverty reduction strategies and accounts

SDG Target 16.7

Ensure responsive, inclusive, participatory and representative decision-making at all levels

SDG Goal 17

Strengthen the means of implementation and revitalize the Global Partnership for Sustainable Development

SDG Target 17.6

Enhance North-South, South-South and triangular regional and international cooperation on and access to science, technology and innovation and enhance knowledge sharing on mutually agreed terms, including through improved coordination among existing mechanisms, in particular at the United Nations level, and through a global technology facilitation mechanism

SDG Target 17.7

Promote the development, transfer, dissemination and diffusion of environmentally sound technologies to developing countries on favourable terms, including on concessional and preferential terms, as mutually agreed

SDG Target 17.18

By 2020, enhance capacity-building support to developing countries, including for least developed countries and small island developing States, to increase significantly the availability of high-quality, timely and reliable data disaggregated by income, gender, age, race, ethnicity, migratory status, disability, geographic location and other characteristics relevant in national contexts

Mapping with 4th Ramsar Strategic Plan 2016-2024

Ramsar Target 8

National wetland inventories have been initiated, completed or updated and disseminated and used for promoting the conservation and effective management of all wetlands.

Baseline
  • At COP12, 47% of Parties have a complete national wetlands inventory. (National Reports to COP12).
  • At COP13, [XX]% of Parties % of Parties have updated their national inventories in the last decade. (New question for National Reports).
Indicator
  • % of Parties that have complete national wetland inventories. (Data source: National Reports).
  • % of Parties that have updated their national inventories in the last decade. (Data source: new question for National Reports).
Ramsar Target 14

Scientific guidance and technical methodologies at global and regional levels are developed on relevant topics and are available to policy makers and practitioners in an appropriate format and language.

Baseline
  • In 2015, [543] ‘hits’ on scientific and technical guidance pages of the Ramsar web-site. (Data source: Google Analytics Ramsar web-site, May-June, 2015).
  • In 2015, [60] ‘hits’ on STRP briefing notes from the Ramsar web-site. (Data source: Google Analytics Ramsar web-site, May-June, 2015)).
  • In 2015, [176] ‘hits’ of relevant Ramsar Handbooks downloaded from the Ramsar web-site (Data source: Google Analytics Ramsar web-site, May-June, 2015).
  • In 2015, [150} practical tools and guidance documents for wetland conservation and wise use, and other key scientific documentation, which has been developed by either STRP, Parties and others, and is available via the Ramsar website. (Data source: Ramsar web-site).
Indicator
  • Number of ‘hits’ on scientific and technical guidance pages of the Ramsar web-site and associated subtotals by country and Ramsar Region of the source of these hits. (Data source: Ramsar web-site analytics).
  • Number of STRP briefing papers downloaded from the Ramsar website and subtotals by country and Ramsar Region of the source of these downloads. (Data source: Ramsar web-site analytics).
  • Number of relevant Ramsar Handbooks downloaded from the Ramsar web-site and subtotals by country and Ramsar Region of the source of these downloads. (Data source: Ramsar web-site analytics).
  • Number of practical tools and guidance documents for wetland conservation and wise use, and other key scientific documentation, which has been developed by either STRP, Parties and others, and is available via the Ramsar website. (Data source: Ramsar web-site).

Possible further indicators that may be developed

  • {Indicator(s) related to the use of guidance and availability in various language versions}.

Mapping with CITES Strategic Vision: 2008-2020

Objective 1.4

The Appendices correctly reflect the conservation needs of species.

Objective 1.5

Best available scientific information is the basis for non-detriment findings.

Objective 1.6

Parties cooperate in managing shared wildlife resources.

Objective 1.8

Parties and the Secretariat have adequate capacity-building programmes in place.

Objective 2.2

Sufficient resources are secured at the national and international levels to ensure compliance with and implementation and enforcement of the Convention.

Objective 2.3

Sufficient resources are secured at the national and international levels to implement capacity-building programmes.

Objective 3.3

Cooperation with relevant international environmental, trade and development organizations is enhanced.

Objective 3.4

The contribution of CITES to the relevant Sustainable Development Goals and their targets, the sustainable development goals set at WSSD, the Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011-2020 and the relevant Aichi Biodiversity Targets, and the relevant outcomes of the United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development is strengthened by ensuring that international trade in wild fauna and flora is conducted at sustainable levels.

Objective 3.5

Parties and the Secretariat cooperate with other relevant international organizations and agreements dealing with natural resources, as appropriate, in order to achieve a coherent and collaborative approach to species which can be endangered by unsustainable trade, including those which are commercially exploited.