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Biodiversity is sustainably used and managed and nature’s contributions to people, including ecosystem functions and services, are valued, maintained and enhanced, with those currently in decline being restored, supporting the achievement of sustainable development for the benefit of present and future generations by 2050.


Headline indicator

Component indicators

Complementary indicators

  • Levels of poverty in biodiversity dependent communities
  • Ecological footprint
  • Number of certified forest areas under sustainable management with verified impacts on biodiversity conservation
  • Expected loss of phylogenetic diversity
  • Red List Index (pollinating species)
  • Green status index (pollinators)
  • Air quality index
  • Air pollution emissions account
  • Zoonotic disease in wildlife
  • Climatic impact index
  • Ocean acidification
  • Level of water stress: freshwater withdrawal as a proportion of available freshwater resources 
  • Proportion of bodies of water with good ambient water quality
  • Eflow index
  • Change in the quality of inland water ecosystems over time
  • Change in the quality of coastal water ecosystems over time
  • Level of erosion
  • Number of deaths, missing persons and directly affected persons attributed to disasters per 100,000 population
  • Intact wilderness
  • Biofuel production
  • Maximum fish catch potential
  • Population involved in hunting and gathering
  • Prevalence of moderate or severe food insecurity in the population, based on the Food Insecurity Experience Scale
  • Forestry Production & Trade (Wood Fuel)
  • Trends in the legal trade of medicinal plants
  • Visitor management assessment
  • Number of formal and nonformal education programmes transmitting spiritual and cultural values in the UNESCO World Network of Biosphere Reserves
  • Number of mixed sites (having both natural and cultural Outstanding Universal Values), cultural landscapes (recognized as combined works of nature and people) and natural sites with cultural values including those supporting local and indigenous knowledge and practices inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage List and UNESCO World Network of Biosphere Reserves
  • Index of Linguistic Diversity - Trends of Bilinguistic diversity and numbers of speakers of indigenous languages
  • Index of development of the standard-setting framework for the protection and promotion of culture, cultural rights and cultural diversity
  • Cultural vitality index
  • UNESCO Culture 2030 (multiple indicators)
  • Processes and tools to monitor the implementation of a right to a healthy environment (e.g. included in NBSAPs and reported in national reports
  • Red List Index (for internationally traded species)

Mapping with CITES Strategic Vision: 2021-2030

Objective 4.1 Parties support sustainable wildlife trade policies

Objective 4.1 Parties support sustainable wildlife trade policies, especially those that increase the capacity of Indigenous peoples and local communities to pursue livelihoods.

  • Indicator 4.1.1: Number of CITES-listed species for which Parties have designed/implemented relevant sustainable wildlife management policies.
  • Indicator 4.1.2: Percentage of Parties that co-developed or otherwise supported the capacity of indigenous peoples and local communities to pursue livelihoods.


Mapping with CBD - Aichi Targets

Aichi Goal A

Address the underlying causes of biodiversity loss by mainstreaming biodiversity across government and society

Aichi Goal D

Enhance the benefits to all from biodiversity and ecosystem services