Up one level

Objective 4.1 Parties support sustainable wildlife trade policies

Objective 4.1 Parties support sustainable wildlife trade policies

Objective 4.1 Parties support sustainable wildlife trade policies, especially those that increase the capacity of Indigenous peoples and local communities to pursue livelihoods.

  • Indicator 4.1.1: Number of CITES-listed species for which Parties have designed/implemented relevant sustainable wildlife management policies.
  • Indicator 4.1.2: Percentage of Parties that co-developed or otherwise supported the capacity of indigenous peoples and local communities to pursue livelihoods.


Mapping with Kunming-Montreal Global Biodiversity Framework


Biodiversity is sustainably used and managed and nature’s contributions to people, including ecosystem functions and services, are valued, maintained and enhanced, with those currently in decline being restored, supporting the achievement of sustainable development for the benefit of present and future generations by 2050.


Headline indicator

Component indicators

Complementary indicators

  • Levels of poverty in biodiversity dependent communities
  • Ecological footprint
  • Number of certified forest areas under sustainable management with verified impacts on biodiversity conservation
  • Expected loss of phylogenetic diversity
  • Red List Index (pollinating species)
  • Green status index (pollinators)
  • Air quality index
  • Air pollution emissions account
  • Zoonotic disease in wildlife
  • Climatic impact index
  • Ocean acidification
  • Level of water stress: freshwater withdrawal as a proportion of available freshwater resources 
  • Proportion of bodies of water with good ambient water quality
  • Eflow index
  • Change in the quality of inland water ecosystems over time
  • Change in the quality of coastal water ecosystems over time
  • Level of erosion
  • Number of deaths, missing persons and directly affected persons attributed to disasters per 100,000 population
  • Intact wilderness
  • Biofuel production
  • Maximum fish catch potential
  • Population involved in hunting and gathering
  • Prevalence of moderate or severe food insecurity in the population, based on the Food Insecurity Experience Scale
  • Forestry Production & Trade (Wood Fuel)
  • Trends in the legal trade of medicinal plants
  • Visitor management assessment
  • Number of formal and nonformal education programmes transmitting spiritual and cultural values in the UNESCO World Network of Biosphere Reserves
  • Number of mixed sites (having both natural and cultural Outstanding Universal Values), cultural landscapes (recognized as combined works of nature and people) and natural sites with cultural values including those supporting local and indigenous knowledge and practices inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage List and UNESCO World Network of Biosphere Reserves
  • Index of Linguistic Diversity - Trends of Bilinguistic diversity and numbers of speakers of indigenous languages
  • Index of development of the standard-setting framework for the protection and promotion of culture, cultural rights and cultural diversity
  • Cultural vitality index
  • UNESCO Culture 2030 (multiple indicators)
  • Processes and tools to monitor the implementation of a right to a healthy environment (e.g. included in NBSAPs and reported in national reports
  • Red List Index (for internationally traded species)

The monetary and non-monetary benefits from the utilization of genetic resources, and digital sequence information on genetic resources, and of traditional knowledge associated with genetic resources, as applicable, are shared fairly and equitably, including, as appropriate with indigenous peoples and local communities, and substantially increased by 2050, while ensuring traditional knowledge associated with genetic resources is appropriately protected, thereby contributing to the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity, in accordance with internationally agreed access and benefit-sharing instruments.


Headline indicators

Component indicator

  • -

Complementary indicators

  • Number of users that have provided information relevant to the utilization of genetic resources to designated checkpoints
  • Total number of internationally recognized certificates published in the ABS Clearing-House
  • Number of checkpoint communiqués published in the ABS Clearing-House
  • Number of internationally recognized certificates of compliance for non-commercial purposes
  • Integration of biodiversity into national accounting and reporting systems, defined as implementation of the System of Environmental-Economic Accounting

Mapping with Sustainable Development Goals

SDG Goal 8

Promote sustained, inclusive and sustainable economic growth, full and productive employment and decent work for all

SDG Target 8.9

By 2030, devise and implement policies to promote sustainable tourism that creates jobs and promotes local culture and products

SDG Goal 12

Ensure sustainable consumption and production patterns

SDG Target 12.2

By 2030, achieve the sustainable management and efficient use of natural resources

SDG Goal 14

Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources for sustainable development

SDG Target 14.7

By 2030, increase the economic benefits to small island developing States and least developed countries from the sustainable use of marine resources, including through sustainable management of fisheries, aquaculture and tourism

SDG Goal 15

Protect, restore and promote sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems, sustainably manage forests, combat desertification, and halt and reverse land degradation and halt biodiversity loss

SDG Target 15.1

By 2020, ensure the conservation, restoration and sustainable use of terrestrial and inland freshwater ecosystems and their services, in particular forests, wetlands, mountains and drylands, in line with obligations under international agreements

SDG Target 15.2

By 2020, promote the implementation of sustainable management of all types of forests, halt deforestation, restore degraded forests and substantially increase afforestation and reforestation globally

SDG Target 15.5

Take urgent and significant action to reduce the degradation of natural habitats, halt the loss of biodiversity and, by 2020, protect and prevent the extinction of threatened species

SDG Target 15.9

By 2020, integrate ecosystem and biodiversity values into national and local planning, development processes, poverty reduction strategies and accounts

SDG Target 15.c

Enhance global support for efforts to combat poaching and trafficking of protected species, including by increasing the capacity of local communities to pursue sustainable livelihood opportunities

SDG Goal 17

Strengthen the means of implementation and revitalize the Global Partnership for Sustainable Development

SDG Target 17.14

Enhance policy coherence for sustainable development