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TARGET 8. Minimize the Impacts of Climate Change on Biodiversity and Build Resilience

TARGET 8. Minimize the Impacts of Climate Change on Biodiversity and Build Resilience

Minimize the impact of climate change and ocean acidification on biodiversity and increase its resilience through mitigation, adaptation, and disaster risk reduction actions, including through nature-based solution and/or ecosystem-based approaches, while minimizing negative and fostering positive impacts of climate action on biodiversity.

Indicators

Headline indicator:

  • -

Component indicators:

  • Total climate regulation services provided by ecosystems and by ecosystem type (System of Environmental Economic Accounts)
  • Number of countries that adopt and implement national disaster risk reduction strategies in line with the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015–2030 which include biodiversity
  • National greenhouse inventories from land use and land-use change
  • BERI

Complementary indicators:

  • Above-ground biomass stock in forest (tonnes/ha)
  • National greenhouse inventories from land use and land-use change
  • Proportion of local governments that adopt and implement local disaster risk reduction strategies in line with national disaster risk reduction strategies
  • Number of least developed countries and small island developing States with nationally determined contributions, long-term strategies, national adaptation plans, strategies as reported in adaptation communications and national communications
  • Index of coastal eutrophication
  • Carbon stocks and annual net greenhouse gas emissions, by land-use category, split by natural and non-natural land cover

Mapping with SECOND GLOBAL PLAN OF ACTION FOR PLANT GENETIC RESOURCES FOR FOOD AND AGRICULTURE

Mapping with The UNCCD 2018–2030 Strategic Framework

Strategic objective 4: Global environmental benefits

To generate global environmental benefits through effective implementation of the UNCCD

Indicators

UNCCD indicators:

  • SO 4-1 Trends in carbon stocks above and below ground
  • SO 4-2 Trends in abundance and distribution of selected species
  • SO 4-3 Trends in protected area coverage of important biodiversity areas (Average proportion of Terrestrial Key Biodiversity Areas covered by protected areas) 

SDG indicators:

  • 15.5.1 Red List Index
  • 15.1.2 Proportion of important sites for terrestrial and freshwater biodiversity that are covered by protected areas, by ecosystem type (ER_PTD_TERR: Average proportion of Terrestrial Key Biodiversity Areas (KBAs) covered by protected areas)

CBD indicators:

  • A.3 Red List Index
  • 3.1 Coverage of protected areas and other effective area-based conservation measures
  • Protected area coverage of Key Biodiversity Areas (Component indicator under target 3)
  • Proportion of terrestrial, freshwater and marine ecological regions that are conserved by protected areas or other effective area-based conservation measures (Complementary indicator under target 3 and 5)

Mapping with Sustainable Development Goals

SDG Target 13.2

Integrate climate change measures into national policies, strategies and planning

SDG Target 14.3

Minimize and address the impacts of ocean acidification, including through enhanced scientific cooperation at all levels

Mapping with SAMARKAND STRATEGIC PLAN FOR MIGRATORY SPECIES 2024-2032

Target 3.4. By 2032, the impact of climate change on migratory species and their habitats is reduced through mitigation and adaptation, including through nature-based solutions and/or ecosystem-based approaches and disaster risk reduction actions, while minimizing negative and fostering positive impacts on biodiversity.

Explanation: Actions to eliminate or mitigate the negative impacts of climate change on migratory species are identified. This also includes the research and promotion of conservation and management tools applied to migratory species and the ecosystem services they provide, such as the enhancement of mitigation and adaptation against climate change.

Mapping with 4th Ramsar Strategic Plan 2016-2024

Ramsar Target 12

Restoration is in progress in degraded wetlands, with priority to wetlands that are relevant for biodiversity conservation, disaster risk reduction, livelihoods and/or climate change mitigation and adaptation.

Baseline
  • 68% of Parties have identified priority sites for restoration. (National Reports to COP12).
  • 70% of Parties have implemented restoration or rehabilitation programmes. (National Reports to COP12).
Indicator
  • % of Parties that have established restoration plans [or activities] for sites. (Data source: National Reports).
  • % of Parties that have implemented effective restoration or rehabilitation projects. (Data source: National Reports).

Possible further indicators that may be developed

  • {Outcome-based indicators(s) related to (extent of) wetland restoration possibly including remote sensing as appropriate}.

Mapping with CBD - Aichi Targets

Aichi Target 10

By 2015, the multiple anthropogenic pressures on coral reefs, and other vulnerable ecosystems impacted by climate change or ocean acidification are minimized, so as to maintain their integrity and functioning.

Aichi Target 15

By 2020, ecosystem resilience and the contribution of biodiversity to carbon stocks has been enhanced, through conservation and restoration, including restoration of at least 15 per cent of degraded ecosystems, thereby contributing to climate change mitigation and adaptation and to combating desertification.

Mapping with Strategic Framework for the International Plant Protection Convention (IPPC) 2020–2030

Key result B3: Mechanisms are in place to share adaptation strategies for responding to the impacts of climate change

B3: Mechanisms are in place to share adaptation strategies for responding to the impacts of climate change.