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SDG Target 16.10

SDG Target 16.10

Ensure public access to information and protect fundamental freedoms, in accordance with national legislation and international agreements

Mapping with Kunming-Montreal Global Biodiversity Framework

TARGET 22. Ensure Participation in Decision-Making and Access to Justice and Information Related to Biodiversity for all

Ensure the full, equitable, inclusive, effective and gender-responsive representation and participation in decision-making, and access to justice and information related to biodiversity by indigenous peoples and local communities, respecting their cultures and their rights over lands, territories, resources, and traditional knowledge, as well as by women and girls, children and youth, and persons with disabilities and ensure the full protection of environmental human rights defenders.


Headline indicator:

  • -

Component indicator:

  • Proportion of total adult population with secure tenure rights to land, (a) with legally recognized documentation, and (b) who perceive their rights to land as secure, by sex and type of tenure

Complementary indicators:

  • Percentage of positions in national and local institutions, including: (a) the legislatures; (b) the public service; and (c) the judiciary, compared to national distributions, by sex, age, persons with disabilities and population groups
  • Number of countries with systems to track and make public allocations for gender equality and women’s empowerment
  • Proportion of total agricultural population with ownership or secure tenure rights over agricultural land, by sex; and share of women among owners or rights-bearers of agricultural land, by type of tenure
  • Number of countries where the legal framework (including customary law) guarantees women’s equal rights to land ownership and/or control
  • Number of protected areas that have completed a sitelevel assessment of governance and equity (SAGE)
  • Trends in number of environmental human rights defenders killed annually, disaggregated by country and gender; and number of indigenous environmental human rights defenders killed
  • Land tenure of indigenous peoples and local communities by sex and type of tenure
  • Proportion of population who believe decision-making is inclusive and responsive, by sex, age, disability and population group